Animate a page route transition

A design language, such as Material, defines standard behaviors when transitioning between routes (or screens). Sometimes, though, a custom transition between screens can make an app more unique. To help, PageRouteBuilder provides an Animation object. This Animation can be used with Tween and Curve objects to customize the transition animation. This recipe shows how to transition between routes by animating the new route into view from the bottom of the screen.

To create a custom page route transition, this recipe uses the following steps:

  1. Set up a PageRouteBuilder
  2. Create a Tween
  3. Add an AnimatedWidget
  4. Use a CurveTween
  5. Combine the two Tweens

1. Set up a PageRouteBuilder

To start, use a PageRouteBuilder to create a Route. PageRouteBuilder has two callbacks, one to build the content of the route (pageBuilder), and one to build the route’s transition (transitionsBuilder).

The following example creates two routes: a home route with a “Go!” button, and a second route titled “Page 2”.

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

main() {
  runApp(MaterialApp(
    home: Page1(),
  ));
}

class Page1 extends StatelessWidget {
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(),
      body: Center(
        child: RaisedButton(
          child: Text('Go!'),
          onPressed: () {
            Navigator.of(context).push(_createRoute());
          },
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Route _createRoute() {
  return PageRouteBuilder(
    pageBuilder: (context, animation, secondaryAnimation) => Page2(),
    transitionsBuilder: (context, animation, secondaryAnimation, child) {
      return child;
    },
  );
}

class Page2 extends StatelessWidget {
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(),
      body: Center(
        child: Text('Page 2'),
      ),
    );
  }
}

2. Create a Tween

To make the new page animate in from the bottom, it should animate from Offset(0,1) to Offset(0, 0) (usually defined using the Offset.zero constructor). In this case, the Offset is a 2D vector for the FractionalTranslation widget. Setting the dy argument to 1 represents a vertical translation one full height of the page.

The transitionsBuilder callback has an animation parameter. It’s an Animation<double> that produces values between 0 and 1. Convert the Animation into an Animation using a Tween:

transitionsBuilder: (context, animation, secondaryAnimation, child) {
  var begin = Offset(0.0, 1.0);
  var end = Offset.zero;
  var tween = Tween(begin: begin, end: end);
  var offsetAnimation = animation.drive(tween);
  return child;
},

3. Use an AnimatedWidget

Flutter has a set of widgets extending AnimatedWidget that rebuild themselves when the value of the animation changes. For instance, SlideTransition takes an Animation<Offset> and translates its child (using a FractionalTranslation widget) whenever the value of the animation changes.

AnimatedWidget Return a SlideTransition with the Animation<Offset> and the child widget:

transitionsBuilder: (context, animation, secondaryAnimation, child) {
  var begin = Offset(0.0, 1.0);
  var end = Offset.zero;
  var tween = Tween(begin: begin, end: end);
  var offsetAnimation = animation.drive(tween);

  return SlideTransition(
    position: offsetAnimation,
    child: child,
  );
},

4. Use a CurveTween

Flutter provides a selection of easing curves that adjust the rate of the animation over time. The Curves class provides a predefined set of commonly used curves. For example, Curves.easeOut will make the animation start quickly and end slowly.

To use a Curve, create a new CurveTween and pass it a Curve:

var curve = Curves.ease;
var curveTween = CurveTween(curve: curve);

This new Tween still produces values from 0 to 1. In the next step, it will be combined the Tween<Offset> from step 2.

5. Combine the two Tweens

To combine the tweens, use chain():

var begin = Offset(0.0, 1.0);
var end = Offset.zero;
var curve = Curves.ease;

var tween = Tween(begin: begin, end: end).chain(CurveTween(curve: curve));

Then use this tween by passing it to animation.drive(). This creates a new Animation<Offset> that can be given to the SlideTransition widget:

return SlideTransition(
  position: animation.drive(tween),
  child: child,
);

This new Tween (or Animatable) produces Offset values by first evaluating the CurveTween, then evaluating the Tween<Offset>. When the animation runs, the values are computed in this order:

  1. The animation (provided to the transitionsBuilder callback) produces values from 0 to 1.
  2. The CurveTween maps those values to new values between 0 and 1 based on its curve.
  3. The Tween<Offset> maps the double values to Offset values.

Another way to create an Animation<Offset> with an easing curve is to use a CurvedAnimation:

transitionsBuilder: (context, animation, secondaryAnimation, child) {
  var begin = Offset(0.0, 1.0);
  var end = Offset.zero;
  var curve = Curves.ease;

  var tween = Tween(begin: begin, end: end);
  var curvedAnimation = CurvedAnimation(
   parent: animation,
   curve: curve,
  );

  return SlideTransition(
   position: tween.animate(curvedAnimation),
   child: child,
  );
}

Complete Example

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

main() {
  runApp(MaterialApp(
    home: Page1(),
  ));
}

class Page1 extends StatelessWidget {
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(),
      body: Center(
        child: RaisedButton(
          child: Text('Go!'),
          onPressed: () {
            Navigator.of(context).push(_createRoute());
          },
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Route _createRoute() {
  return PageRouteBuilder(
    pageBuilder: (context, animation, secondaryAnimation) => Page2(),
    transitionsBuilder: (context, animation, secondaryAnimation, child) {
      var begin = Offset(0.0, 1.0);
      var end = Offset.zero;
      var curve = Curves.ease;

      var tween = Tween(begin: begin, end: end).chain(CurveTween(curve: curve));

      return SlideTransition(
        position: animation.drive(tween),
        child: child,
      );
    },
  );
}

class Page2 extends StatelessWidget {
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(),
      body: Center(
        child: Text('Page 2'),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Demo showing a custom page route transition animating up from the bottom of the screen